Invasive Species and its implications on Food Security in Latin America and Caribbean



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Yelitza Colmenarez (CABI Latin America)

Dans le cadre des séminaires ECOBIO, Yelitza Colmenarez présente ses recherches lors d'un séminaire le vendredi 23 novembre à 13:00 dans la salle de conférence de l'OSUR, intitulé "Invasive Species and its implications on Food Security in Latin America and Caribbean"


Résumé:

The attack of pests and diseases represent one of the major limitations for agricultural production in the Neotropical region. The intensification of trade between Latin American and Caribbean countries with other regions, among other factors, has resulted in the introduction of a large number of invasive species in the Neotropical region, affecting crop production, putting in risk Food Security and causing a significant economic impact. Despite the efforts to prevent the entry of new pests, through the establishment of quarantine systems, having the implementation of tactics to reinforce phytosanitary surveillance, each year new pests are being introduced in areas where they were not present before. In addition to this, the climate change also represents a challenge for plant protection, since it favours the displacement of pests to new areas due to the increase of temperature and changes in the climatic conditions, facilitating the establishment of the pests. This paper will present the use of key strategies for the sustainable management of pests in the region. Different initiatives to improve the quarantine systems and phytosanitary surveillance will be also presented, highlighting the join efforts and work with key institutions and government agencies of the countries where CABI implements the programs, with the aim of strengthening Food Security and Food Safety in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Key words: Invasive species, Sustainable Production, Food Security, Food Safety, Latin America, Caribbean


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